Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,890,425
2 United States 493,110
3 Thailand 414,857
4 Brazil 340,787
5 India 214,809
6 United Kingdom 200,541
7 South Korea 179,693
8 Turkey 177,437
9 Malaysia 150,157
10 Mexico 147,299
11 France 141,255
12 Japan 137,111
13 Netherlands 136,284
14 Taiwan 125,316
15 Australia 125,226
16 Russia 124,644
17 Canada 122,261
18 Germany 116,906
19 Spain 110,217
20 Iran 103,263

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach