Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,434,877
2 United States 435,153
3 Thailand 392,042
4 Brazil 309,508
5 India 221,123
6 United Kingdom 183,449
7 Malaysia 163,856
8 Turkey 157,329
9 South Korea 154,014
10 Russia 148,313
11 Mexico 142,817
12 France 136,639
13 Japan 118,698
14 Germany 118,563
15 Netherlands 118,416
16 Taiwan 117,952
17 Australia 117,203
18 Canada 107,622
19 Spain 103,487
20 Iran 87,737

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach