Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 133,783
2 United States 60,895
3 India 23,538
4 United Kingdom 19,854
5 France 11,886
6 Germany 11,844
7 Italy 10,197
8 Canada 9,305
9 South Korea 9,303
10 Japan 7,977
11 Australia 7,725
12 Brazil 7,492
13 Switzerland 5,840
14 Turkey 5,247
15 Russia 4,890
16 Norway 4,810
17 Hong Kong 4,739
18 Taiwan 4,681
19 Portugal 4,378
20 Iran 3,980

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach