Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 130,995
2 United States 61,242
3 India 21,906
4 United Kingdom 19,353
5 Germany 11,838
6 France 10,702
7 Italy 9,661
8 Canada 9,399
9 South Korea 9,183
10 Australia 7,606
11 Brazil 7,367
12 Japan 6,938
13 Switzerland 5,834
14 Turkey 4,852
15 Norway 4,638
16 Hong Kong 4,183
17 Taiwan 4,138
18 Russia 4,125
19 Netherlands 4,111
20 Iran 4,065

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach