Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 124,114
2 United States 57,521
3 India 18,804
4 United Kingdom 17,352
5 Germany 10,427
6 South Korea 9,286
7 Italy 9,246
8 Canada 9,225
9 France 8,864
10 Japan 7,347
11 Australia 7,185
12 Brazil 5,828
13 Hong Kong 4,973
14 Turkey 4,695
15 Netherlands 4,215
16 Norway 3,749
17 Switzerland 3,543
18 Taiwan 3,368
19 Greece 3,210
20 Denmark 2,555

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach