Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 238,989
2 United Kingdom 170,185
3 China 128,573
4 Switzerland 70,062
5 Brazil 59,324
6 Australia 57,709
7 Japan 54,271
8 Turkey 46,100
9 India 45,398
10 South Korea 39,526
11 Canada 29,704
12 Netherlands 26,787
13 Italy 25,835
14 Germany 25,822
15 Thailand 24,502
16 Taiwan 23,410
17 France 23,048
18 Mexico 22,542
19 Spain 21,736
20 Colombia 19,961

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach