Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 282,107
2 United Kingdom 163,642
3 China 143,821
4 Switzerland 101,171
5 Brazil 70,839
6 India 55,527
7 Australia 53,591
8 Japan 53,499
9 Turkey 50,225
10 South Korea 43,280
11 Thailand 31,372
12 Canada 29,971
13 Germany 29,822
14 Russia 28,727
15 Taiwan 28,090
16 Italy 28,076
17 Netherlands 27,431
18 France 25,070
19 Mexico 24,246
20 Spain 23,780

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach