Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,091,498
2 United States 186,149
3 Australia 134,411
4 India 125,227
5 United Kingdom 112,154
6 Canada 62,480
7 Hong Kong 57,393
8 Japan 49,294
9 Turkey 42,794
10 South Korea 39,529
11 Brazil 36,340
12 France 35,858
13 Taiwan 31,079
14 Thailand 26,611
15 Germany 25,572
16 Iran 24,730
17 Netherlands 23,645
18 Italy 23,363
19 Spain 21,161
20 Singapore 18,448

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach