Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 907,067
2 United States 176,009
3 Australia 125,535
4 India 118,770
5 United Kingdom 104,933
6 Canada 59,916
7 Japan 44,352
8 Turkey 43,641
9 Hong Kong 41,421
10 South Korea 34,417
11 Brazil 34,257
12 France 33,935
13 Iran 31,907
14 Taiwan 30,797
15 Germany 28,256
16 Thailand 25,940
17 Italy 21,644
18 Netherlands 20,746
19 Singapore 18,095
20 Malaysia 16,792

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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