Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 252,147
2 United States 198,127
3 Japan 166,952
4 United Kingdom 90,798
5 South Korea 68,334
6 France 60,760
7 Russia 46,704
8 Canada 41,665
9 India 37,969
10 Spain 37,581
11 Turkey 34,996
12 Australia 34,842
13 Brazil 31,750
14 Italy 30,227
15 Germany 25,322
16 Poland 24,878
17 Austria 18,861
18 Thailand 18,124
19 Malaysia 17,994
20 South Africa 15,124

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach