Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 240,094
2 United States 200,942
3 Japan 172,369
4 United Kingdom 93,098
5 South Korea 68,842
6 France 63,230
7 Russia 45,176
8 India 42,350
9 Canada 41,065
10 Spain 38,625
11 Turkey 36,160
12 Australia 35,105
13 Germany 33,653
14 Brazil 33,385
15 Italy 31,568
16 Poland 27,004
17 Thailand 23,181
18 Austria 22,304
19 Malaysia 20,820
20 South Africa 15,552

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach