Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 680,092
2 United Kingdom 430,917
3 United States 334,374
4 Australia 170,555
5 Malaysia 141,057
6 Turkey 130,730
7 Indonesia 114,653
8 Germany 91,463
9 India 87,486
10 Canada 72,504
11 France 68,532
12 Netherlands 63,741
13 South Africa 63,724
14 Japan 62,373
15 Taiwan 56,270
16 Italy 52,016
17 Brazil 50,250
18 South Korea 48,350
19 Pakistan 45,873
20 Spain 39,916

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach