Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 755,277
2 United Kingdom 456,887
3 United States 340,573
4 Australia 178,428
5 Turkey 141,252
6 Malaysia 122,474
7 Indonesia 102,624
8 India 89,443
9 Germany 83,963
10 Canada 73,842
11 France 72,719
12 Netherlands 71,300
13 South Africa 65,795
14 Japan 64,451
15 Italy 58,079
16 Taiwan 53,333
17 South Korea 51,692
18 Spain 43,264
19 Pakistan 41,521
20 Russia 36,508

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach