Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,185,983
2 United Kingdom 1,085,212
3 China 985,065
4 Australia 616,455
5 Canada 427,829
6 France 348,976
7 Japan 278,257
8 Netherlands 247,397
9 South Korea 236,893
10 Germany 231,875
11 Brazil 186,136
12 Italy 177,190
13 Taiwan 148,572
14 Switzerland 147,558
15 Thailand 142,814
16 India 131,702
17 Spain 127,262
18 Turkey 120,089
19 Belgium 103,291
20 Sweden 97,341

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach