Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 668,945
2 United Kingdom 655,415
3 United States 496,300
4 Australia 215,759
5 Netherlands 153,501
6 Canada 140,056
7 Turkey 83,481
8 Hong Kong 81,298
9 Germany 69,739
10 Indonesia 67,820
11 South Korea 63,979
12 South Africa 63,257
13 Italy 59,609
14 Brazil 58,508
15 India 58,393
16 Malaysia 52,507
17 Spain 48,984
18 Taiwan 47,511
19 Iran 45,959
20 Sweden 44,841

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach