Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,367,114
2 United States 803,439
3 India 435,936
4 United Kingdom 360,761
5 South Korea 350,839
6 Japan 238,371
7 Germany 235,057
8 Australia 190,524
9 Taiwan 175,623
10 Turkey 174,737
11 France 145,612
12 Canada 144,081
13 Italy 126,401
14 Russia 117,796
15 Brazil 105,589
16 Thailand 86,427
17 Poland 83,682
18 Netherlands 79,318
19 Malaysia 78,701
20 Spain 76,857

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach