Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,897,753
2 United States 676,526
3 India 395,867
4 United Kingdom 306,257
5 South Korea 264,068
6 Japan 199,378
7 Germany 189,502
8 Australia 168,793
9 Turkey 159,124
10 Taiwan 147,213
11 France 132,559
12 Canada 128,036
13 Italy 105,129
14 Brazil 101,598
15 Russia 101,400
16 Thailand 90,975
17 Malaysia 86,559
18 Poland 76,052
19 Iran 74,308
20 Spain 69,472

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach