Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,041,947
2 India 692,427
3 United States 610,181
4 United Kingdom 425,418
5 Turkey 288,270
6 South Korea 217,909
7 Australia 213,242
8 Germany 198,470
9 France 166,087
10 Iran 156,615
11 Japan 145,580
12 Italy 144,861
13 Canada 137,675
14 Malaysia 134,822
15 Taiwan 110,160
16 Brazil 110,122
17 Spain 82,519
18 Poland 72,443
19 Portugal 71,071
20 Russia 68,200

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach