Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,455,071
2 India 695,922
3 United States 676,451
4 United Kingdom 475,866
5 Turkey 321,083
6 Australia 244,294
7 South Korea 241,846
8 Germany 194,296
9 Iran 175,151
10 France 174,886
11 Japan 162,945
12 Italy 162,441
13 Canada 150,694
14 Malaysia 130,548
15 Brazil 123,644
16 Taiwan 103,839
17 Spain 86,963
18 Portugal 74,334
19 Poland 73,763
20 Netherlands 72,223

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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