Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 2,022,203
2 Australia 965,956
3 United States 750,718
4 China 569,768
5 Netherlands 225,436
6 Canada 196,323
7 South Africa 192,930
8 Germany 159,224
9 Sweden 154,505
10 Malaysia 154,053
11 Brazil 143,618
12 Ireland 117,719
13 New Zealand 105,372
14 Norway 102,430
15 Denmark 94,927
16 Turkey 88,446
17 Finland 87,746
18 India 85,138
19 Pakistan 75,988
20 Hong Kong 73,541

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach