Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 2,079,012
2 Australia 971,333
3 United States 779,484
4 China 580,744
5 Netherlands 216,185
6 South Africa 202,049
7 Canada 191,452
8 Germany 182,629
9 Malaysia 174,620
10 Brazil 159,647
11 Sweden 139,721
12 New Zealand 114,047
13 Ireland 113,245
14 Norway 95,618
15 India 92,351
16 Pakistan 91,338
17 Denmark 90,645
18 Turkey 86,642
19 Finland 85,271
20 Hong Kong 78,586

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach