Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 744,336
2 United States 317,263
3 Australia 259,435
4 China 162,937
5 Germany 154,000
6 Netherlands 150,568
7 Sweden 77,220
8 Canada 64,843
9 Malaysia 48,828
10 South Africa 45,891
11 Italy 45,461
12 France 44,283
13 Denmark 43,106
14 Finland 42,557
15 Brazil 41,769
16 Turkey 39,819
17 Indonesia 37,575
18 New Zealand 37,027
19 Spain 35,353
20 Taiwan 34,259

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach