Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 756,338
2 United States 342,508
3 Australia 256,046
4 China 172,255
5 Netherlands 161,739
6 Germany 141,181
7 Sweden 86,013
8 Canada 69,939
9 Italy 52,578
10 Malaysia 49,450
11 France 48,367
12 South Africa 46,567
13 Turkey 44,301
14 Denmark 43,854
15 Finland 43,673
16 Indonesia 39,797
17 Spain 38,453
18 Brazil 38,427
19 Ireland 37,510
20 Switzerland 37,036

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach