Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,542,817
2 United States 307,855
3 India 305,602
4 United Kingdom 186,053
5 Turkey 165,613
6 South Korea 110,946
7 Brazil 104,393
8 Taiwan 101,477
9 Malaysia 96,952
10 Australia 89,080
11 Italy 80,138
12 Thailand 79,695
13 Japan 76,225
14 Canada 75,132
15 Germany 72,939
16 Poland 65,114
17 France 62,417
18 Spain 60,961
19 Indonesia 46,122
20 Russia 43,379

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach