Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,070,841
2 United States 352,759
3 India 317,352
4 United Kingdom 212,488
5 Turkey 190,319
6 South Korea 144,103
7 Taiwan 117,443
8 Brazil 114,387
9 Australia 101,983
10 Malaysia 101,015
11 Italy 93,296
12 Japan 91,684
13 Poland 83,661
14 Canada 83,654
15 Thailand 83,019
16 France 72,420
17 Germany 71,412
18 Spain 70,087
19 Indonesia 49,475
20 Russia 45,986

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach