Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,976,823
2 China 1,746,853
3 United States 971,924
4 Australia 863,289
5 Turkey 389,286
6 Taiwan 363,990
7 Malaysia 315,698
8 Hong Kong 283,715
9 Netherlands 280,740
10 Spain 245,220
11 Thailand 239,511
12 South Korea 238,138
13 Canada 209,594
14 New Zealand 194,744
15 Indonesia 181,952
16 Portugal 177,463
17 Germany 154,516
18 Macao 154,363
19 Italy 146,716
20 South Africa 139,090

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.