Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 400,232
2 United Kingdom 273,197
3 Germany 107,335
4 Canada 98,991
5 Netherlands 69,759
6 Australia 52,193
7 Switzerland 30,102
8 China 29,134
9 Spain 25,229
10 Sweden 24,806
11 Japan 24,100
12 Belgium 23,486
13 Denmark 22,141
14 Italy 21,556
15 Austria 20,236
16 Turkey 20,061
17 Ireland 19,581
18 Indonesia 16,138
19 Taiwan 15,482
20 New Zealand 15,201

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach