Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 322,691
2 China 312,594
3 Brazil 148,674
4 India 129,836
5 United Kingdom 100,837
6 Australia 93,585
7 Thailand 90,421
8 Pakistan 59,208
9 Canada 57,506
10 France 56,377
11 Turkey 53,845
12 Italy 49,140
13 Germany 47,283
14 South Africa 46,755
15 Taiwan 43,923
16 Japan 41,918
17 Colombia 41,465
18 Spain 39,941
19 Mexico 38,415
20 Netherlands 33,726

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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