Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 313,965
2 China 275,572
3 India 154,011
4 Brazil 141,407
5 Thailand 110,524
6 United Kingdom 97,735
7 Australia 92,679
8 Canada 66,784
9 Pakistan 56,427
10 Turkey 55,785
11 France 53,532
12 Germany 50,821
13 Russia 47,399
14 South Africa 45,024
15 Colombia 43,964
16 Italy 43,643
17 Taiwan 43,583
18 Mexico 43,181
19 Japan 41,276
20 Spain 37,102

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach