Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,173,598
2 United States 575,923
3 Thailand 473,721
4 Brazil 355,985
5 India 340,124
6 Turkey 331,441
7 United Kingdom 261,567
8 Malaysia 194,299
9 South Korea 182,231
10 Australia 177,425
11 Mexico 163,031
12 Canada 154,555
13 France 149,872
14 Taiwan 148,665
15 Spain 147,917
16 Germany 147,373
17 Italy 143,113
18 Japan 139,615
19 Netherlands 129,952
20 Russia 127,369

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach