Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,582,626
2 United States 746,514
3 India 531,569
4 Germany 405,172
5 South Korea 404,386
6 Taiwan 387,182
7 Japan 360,396
8 United Kingdom 293,457
9 France 267,223
10 Turkey 245,403
11 Brazil 235,018
12 Russia 185,929
13 Canada 184,800
14 Australia 137,631
15 Poland 134,332
16 Thailand 132,279
17 Malaysia 118,708
18 Italy 113,300
19 Iran 107,209
20 Spain 96,444

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach