Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,539,572
2 United States 808,585
3 India 474,355
4 South Korea 429,238
5 Taiwan 398,837
6 Japan 373,063
7 Germany 353,324
8 United Kingdom 331,719
9 Turkey 294,103
10 France 217,008
11 Brazil 210,770
12 Russia 199,188
13 Canada 191,219
14 Poland 159,607
15 Australia 137,092
16 Italy 120,389
17 Netherlands 118,245
18 Iran 99,150
19 Spain 95,624
20 Sweden 93,488

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach