Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,831,196
2 United States 725,637
3 India 536,757
4 Germany 430,543
5 South Korea 404,584
6 Taiwan 382,708
7 Japan 369,697
8 United Kingdom 307,529
9 Turkey 265,812
10 Brazil 246,347
11 France 244,375
12 Russia 194,325
13 Canada 193,579
14 Poland 148,531
15 Thailand 136,257
16 Australia 118,083
17 Italy 117,581
18 Iran 116,053
19 Malaysia 115,684
20 Mexico 106,271

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach