Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 488,087
2 United States 210,826
3 United Kingdom 141,761
4 India 104,890
5 Germany 84,935
6 Brazil 72,867
7 South Korea 69,027
8 Canada 55,565
9 Thailand 55,295
10 Turkey 54,680
11 Malaysia 51,836
12 Japan 50,065
13 Australia 48,203
14 France 45,612
15 Taiwan 41,303
16 Netherlands 41,125
17 Italy 34,673
18 Mexico 34,582
19 Spain 34,306
20 Russia 33,813

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach