Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 549,855
2 United States 220,190
3 United Kingdom 151,280
4 India 107,984
5 South Korea 78,227
6 Germany 76,020
7 Brazil 72,917
8 Turkey 63,463
9 Canada 59,975
10 Japan 54,389
11 Malaysia 52,994
12 Australia 52,532
13 Taiwan 48,707
14 Thailand 46,682
15 France 46,435
16 Netherlands 44,694
17 Italy 39,838
18 Spain 38,157
19 Colombia 33,192
20 Mexico 31,879

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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