Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,579,229
2 United States 1,130,930
3 India 928,613
4 United Kingdom 340,629
5 Japan 322,398
6 Brazil 289,179
7 Iran 263,304
8 Turkey 249,349
9 South Korea 244,155
10 Italy 224,806
11 Germany 219,872
12 France 181,611
13 Russia 177,049
14 Taiwan 159,254
15 Spain 135,150
16 Poland 134,183
17 Canada 127,893
18 Australia 125,688
19 Egypt 124,337
20 Thailand 102,581

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach