Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,021,361
2 United States 1,185,349
3 India 772,718
4 United Kingdom 370,962
5 Japan 342,962
6 Brazil 278,921
7 Turkey 267,145
8 South Korea 265,632
9 Iran 254,071
10 Italy 253,454
11 Germany 211,803
12 France 188,579
13 Taiwan 155,697
14 Russia 154,686
15 Spain 145,796
16 Egypt 140,704
17 Poland 138,116
18 Canada 135,726
19 Australia 132,064
20 Switzerland 99,724

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach