Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 333,699
2 Canada 193,291
3 United States 72,935
4 Belgium 57,986
5 Switzerland 38,261
6 United Kingdom 34,464
7 Australia 22,447
8 China 17,362
9 Lebanon 7,816
10 Algeria 7,171
11 Tunisia 6,430
12 Netherlands 5,803
13 Spain 5,592
14 Italy 4,951
15 Sweden 4,891
16 Portugal 3,589
17 Brazil 3,402
18 Ireland 3,113
19 New Zealand 3,084
20 Chile 3,011

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach