Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 330,029
2 Canada 182,147
3 United States 72,980
4 Belgium 57,988
5 Switzerland 40,270
6 United Kingdom 39,191
7 Australia 22,627
8 China 13,051
9 Lebanon 8,037
10 Netherlands 5,996
11 Spain 5,300
12 Italy 5,119
13 Sweden 4,759
14 Algeria 4,758
15 Tunisia 4,631
16 Ireland 3,200
17 Hong Kong 3,137
18 Brazil 3,030
19 New Zealand 2,973
20 Portugal 2,953

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach