Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 87,418
2 India 44,790
3 United States 33,011
4 Turkey 19,907
5 United Kingdom 17,010
6 Poland 14,473
7 South Korea 11,371
8 Taiwan 9,186
9 Australia 8,492
10 Canada 7,501
11 Malaysia 7,254
12 Japan 6,897
13 Russia 5,174
14 Italy 5,085
15 Brazil 4,909
16 Indonesia 4,821
17 France 4,484
18 Thailand 4,391
19 Mexico 4,374
20 Spain 4,202

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach