Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 287,375
2 United States 196,057
3 United Kingdom 118,336
4 Netherlands 45,984
5 Australia 45,748
6 India 35,332
7 Canada 34,640
8 Germany 32,109
9 South Korea 25,595
10 Brazil 25,073
11 Turkey 24,180
12 Japan 20,311
13 Taiwan 18,503
14 Indonesia 18,210
15 Malaysia 17,663
16 Hong Kong 17,330
17 Iran 16,711
18 Spain 16,486
19 Italy 15,629
20 Switzerland 14,576

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach