Publication Options

240 180 120 60 19 207 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 19 207 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
  • 10
  • 181
  • 7
  • 171
  • 18
  • 237
  • 23
  • 160
  • 19
  • 207

About Publication Options

Discover how many authors have chosen to publish open access in this journal.

Metrics

Year TOTAL PUBLISHED Subscription Open access articles
2021 226 207 19
2020 183 160 23
2019 255 237 18
2018 178 171 7
2017 191 181 10

Definition

Publishing open access

If an author has chosen to publish open access, their article will be made immediately and freely available upon publication on ScienceDirect, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license. Publication is typically funded by an upfront payment made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as an Article Publishing Charge (APC). In some journals publication is subsidised by a third party and therefore no upfront payment is required.

Publishing under the subscription model

If an author has chosen to publish under the subscription model, their article will be made available on ScienceDirect and will be accessible to the subscribing institutions and individuals, which fund the publication of the article.

Elsevier also makes research published under the subscription model completely free to access in specific situations, including during health emergencies, to patients and caregivers, and to institutions in low- and middle-income countries.

We never charge for the same article twice: When calculating subscription prices, we do not take into account growth in open access articles. For more information, please see here.

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