Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 383,764
2 China 343,510
3 Japan 109,642
4 United Kingdom 105,968
5 South Korea 67,507
6 Canada 52,490
7 Australia 51,137
8 Italy 44,197
9 Brazil 40,047
10 Germany 38,669
11 France 30,799
12 Spain 30,493
13 Taiwan 30,390
14 India 29,853
15 Turkey 28,397
16 Netherlands 24,111
17 Mexico 23,287
18 Switzerland 18,928
19 Poland 17,476
20 Russia 16,957

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.