Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,155,482
2 United States 953,746
3 India 727,525
4 United Kingdom 643,801
5 Turkey 442,081
6 South Korea 340,886
7 Malaysia 300,566
8 Brazil 290,923
9 Australia 271,333
10 Thailand 258,847
11 Iran 233,530
12 Canada 229,180
13 Italy 211,545
14 Germany 202,383
15 Spain 193,879
16 Taiwan 177,999
17 Japan 176,322
18 France 145,402
19 Netherlands 120,950
20 Mexico 111,184

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach