Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,743,915
2 United States 1,021,342
3 India 718,936
4 United Kingdom 711,685
5 Turkey 490,643
6 South Korea 421,742
7 Australia 294,088
8 Brazil 292,488
9 Malaysia 285,409
10 Canada 251,353
11 Italy 247,936
12 Thailand 243,546
13 Iran 230,938
14 Spain 219,032
15 Germany 196,821
16 Japan 194,412
17 Taiwan 192,285
18 France 160,185
19 Netherlands 140,884
20 Mexico 104,113

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach