Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 48,868
2 United States 45,318
3 Germany 12,463
4 United Kingdom 11,696
5 India 9,714
6 Japan 6,904
7 Canada 6,694
8 France 6,486
9 South Korea 6,251
10 Spain 4,518
11 Brazil 4,202
12 Italy 4,163
13 Taiwan 3,988
14 Thailand 3,364
15 Australia 3,133
16 Netherlands 2,881
17 Turkey 2,831
18 Mexico 2,423
19 Switzerland 2,233
20 Austria 2,160

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach