Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 47,326
2 United States 47,228
3 Germany 13,284
4 United Kingdom 11,918
5 India 10,334
6 Brazil 7,413
7 Canada 7,213
8 Japan 7,148
9 France 6,782
10 Taiwan 4,814
11 Italy 4,549
12 Thailand 4,482
13 South Korea 4,047
14 Australia 3,337
15 Turkey 2,886
16 Netherlands 2,647
17 Mexico 2,569
18 Spain 2,493
19 Switzerland 2,469
20 Austria 2,269

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach