Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 208,116
2 China 77,644
3 United Kingdom 31,256
4 Turkey 28,349
5 Japan 26,583
6 South Korea 26,531
7 Australia 20,725
8 Italy 20,551
9 Canada 19,968
10 Brazil 16,032
11 Germany 15,111
12 Taiwan 13,738
13 Netherlands 12,623
14 Thailand 11,594
15 Spain 11,533
16 France 11,250
17 India 9,592
18 Iran 9,130
19 Colombia 8,410
20 Mexico 8,172

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach