Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,054,400
2 Australia 364,353
3 United Kingdom 323,588
4 Canada 258,572
5 China 163,725
6 Netherlands 73,928
7 Taiwan 71,328
8 France 68,902
9 Japan 68,809
10 South Korea 66,514
11 Italy 65,297
12 Turkey 62,761
13 Brazil 61,229
14 Germany 60,816
15 Sweden 47,360
16 Thailand 46,499
17 Spain 45,858
18 New Zealand 45,173
19 Iran 41,049
20 Switzerland 39,381

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach