Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,139,062
2 Australia 365,371
3 United Kingdom 335,774
4 Canada 269,549
5 China 149,035
6 Netherlands 74,633
7 Japan 71,929
8 South Korea 65,550
9 France 64,604
10 Taiwan 64,486
11 Italy 62,982
12 Germany 60,173
13 Turkey 58,554
14 Brazil 48,900
15 Sweden 47,960
16 Thailand 44,284
17 Switzerland 43,965
18 Spain 43,620
19 New Zealand 43,310
20 Iran 41,551

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach