Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 798,326
2 United Kingdom 395,429
3 Australia 227,199
4 China 147,916
5 Canada 106,762
6 Germany 83,189
7 Japan 70,122
8 France 68,655
9 Brazil 66,461
10 Italy 66,301
11 Netherlands 65,173
12 South Korea 56,796
13 Sweden 53,055
14 Thailand 48,600
15 Ireland 44,805
16 Spain 44,569
17 Taiwan 41,910
18 Turkey 40,282
19 Switzerland 37,042
20 Hong Kong 36,738

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach