Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,238,163
2 United Kingdom 1,415,994
3 Australia 712,019
4 Netherlands 461,455
5 Canada 388,850
6 China 274,411
7 Germany 217,826
8 Turkey 179,344
9 Brazil 161,771
10 Spain 121,492
11 Italy 120,020
12 France 119,062
13 Malaysia 118,857
14 New Zealand 116,336
15 Belgium 99,938
16 Sweden 98,190
17 Thailand 97,480
18 Japan 96,347
19 South Korea 96,053
20 Denmark 90,660

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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