Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,135,778
2 United Kingdom 1,233,206
3 Australia 658,208
4 Netherlands 388,922
5 Canada 352,508
6 China 229,827
7 Germany 214,697
8 Brazil 155,220
9 Turkey 139,582
10 Malaysia 133,080
11 France 115,134
12 Italy 106,355
13 Spain 106,187
14 New Zealand 102,489
15 Thailand 102,398
16 Sweden 88,866
17 Taiwan 87,019
18 South Korea 85,898
19 Japan 85,858
20 Belgium 85,333

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach