Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,250,472
2 United Kingdom 1,348,213
3 Australia 681,975
4 Netherlands 427,459
5 Canada 378,536
6 China 255,434
7 Germany 225,474
8 Brazil 162,763
9 Turkey 161,072
10 Malaysia 129,224
11 France 117,962
12 Italy 113,640
13 Spain 112,240
14 New Zealand 111,371
15 Thailand 104,215
16 Belgium 95,113
17 South Korea 93,980
18 Sweden 92,868
19 Japan 92,184
20 Denmark 86,359

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach