Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 744,640
2 United Kingdom 240,007
3 Australia 147,110
4 Canada 95,501
5 Netherlands 62,024
6 China 59,691
7 Germany 30,534
8 Turkey 28,370
9 Hong Kong 22,909
10 Malaysia 18,486
11 New Zealand 17,185
12 Israel 16,646
13 Belgium 16,111
14 Sweden 15,271
15 South Korea 15,197
16 Indonesia 14,806
17 Taiwan 14,058
18 Spain 13,694
19 Thailand 13,314
20 South Africa 13,233

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach