Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 4,449,208
2 United Kingdom 2,904,797
3 Australia 1,723,448
4 Canada 795,923
5 China 707,379
6 Netherlands 617,281
7 Germany 526,666
8 Turkey 278,054
9 Hong Kong 217,354
10 South Korea 202,674
11 New Zealand 190,346
12 Spain 173,061
13 Israel 172,513
14 Malaysia 165,012
15 Belgium 163,120
16 Italy 150,785
17 Switzerland 137,568
18 Sweden 134,659
19 France 129,393
20 Japan 128,349

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach