Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 182,163
2 United Kingdom 119,337
3 Australia 71,489
4 China 70,561
5 Canada 31,439
6 Netherlands 28,911
7 Turkey 17,087
8 South Africa 16,470
9 Malaysia 15,630
10 Germany 14,852
11 Taiwan 13,280
12 New Zealand 12,309
13 Sweden 12,144
14 Thailand 11,013
15 Norway 10,061
16 Hong Kong 10,018
17 Belgium 9,188
18 Spain 8,972
19 Ireland 8,867
20 Indonesia 8,776

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach