Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 981,985
2 United States 500,309
3 United Kingdom 145,829
4 Australia 114,293
5 Netherlands 102,082
6 Japan 90,638
7 Hong Kong 85,381
8 Canada 74,064
9 Germany 72,041
10 Taiwan 59,238
11 India 51,585
12 South Korea 50,240
13 Turkey 48,400
14 Singapore 42,448
15 France 39,225
16 Italy 34,096
17 Brazil 33,136
18 Switzerland 32,882
19 Iran 23,551
20 Thailand 21,543

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach