Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 649,376
2 United States 410,744
3 United Kingdom 114,490
4 Japan 79,706
5 Australia 78,301
6 Netherlands 72,786
7 Germany 71,281
8 Hong Kong 66,661
9 Taiwan 58,359
10 Canada 55,722
11 India 46,530
12 Turkey 39,463
13 South Korea 38,994
14 Brazil 34,950
15 France 31,732
16 Singapore 31,498
17 Italy 25,315
18 Switzerland 23,875
19 Russia 23,667
20 Sweden 21,887

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach