Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 771,693
2 United States 459,056
3 United Kingdom 130,672
4 Australia 93,842
5 Japan 88,418
6 Netherlands 83,563
7 Germany 79,561
8 Hong Kong 73,878
9 Canada 63,209
10 Taiwan 60,103
11 India 51,182
12 Turkey 45,131
13 South Korea 43,197
14 Singapore 37,764
15 Brazil 37,758
16 France 35,638
17 Italy 29,172
18 Switzerland 28,495
19 Iran 24,218
20 Sweden 24,126

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach