Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,317,515
2 United Kingdom 828,041
3 Australia 547,836
4 Canada 439,702
5 China 148,997
6 Netherlands 121,529
7 Hong Kong 71,230
8 Ireland 65,775
9 Sweden 65,393
10 New Zealand 63,461
11 South Africa 56,878
12 Malaysia 49,022
13 Turkey 46,921
14 Belgium 43,609
15 Norway 43,041
16 Indonesia 42,090
17 Taiwan 41,904
18 Spain 40,725
19 Israel 40,592
20 South Korea 37,576

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach