Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,948,458
2 United Kingdom 742,919
3 Australia 490,764
4 Canada 390,782
5 China 125,172
6 Netherlands 110,908
7 Hong Kong 64,445
8 Sweden 63,577
9 New Zealand 58,805
10 Ireland 58,219
11 South Africa 52,102
12 Malaysia 46,464
13 Turkey 42,186
14 Belgium 39,530
15 Spain 37,488
16 Israel 37,196
17 Indonesia 36,731
18 Taiwan 36,642
19 Germany 36,521
20 Norway 35,897

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach