Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 3,552,064
2 United Kingdom 915,209
3 Australia 609,029
4 Canada 498,365
5 China 209,546
6 Netherlands 150,483
7 Hong Kong 87,641
8 Ireland 73,472
9 Sweden 72,956
10 New Zealand 65,476
11 South Africa 61,424
12 Malaysia 57,066
13 Turkey 56,616
14 Indonesia 52,780
15 Belgium 49,683
16 Spain 48,175
17 Norway 47,897
18 Israel 47,764
19 Taiwan 45,470
20 South Korea 43,633

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach