Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 37,917
2 China 3,143
3 Canada 1,582
4 United Kingdom 1,378
5 Australia 1,293
6 Netherlands 850
7 Germany 812
8 Mexico 793
9 India 742
10 South Africa 702
11 Iran 579
12 Ethiopia 486
13 Russia 420
14 Brazil 376
15 Turkey 366
16 Indonesia 348
17 Thailand 336
18 Japan 318
19 Argentina 315
20 Colombia 312

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach