Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 67,279
2 United States 12,429
3 Brazil 11,660
4 Canada 9,124
5 Switzerland 7,646
6 Spain 6,837
7 China 2,518
8 Australia 2,464
9 Netherlands 2,105
10 Senegal 1,951
11 Italy 1,116
12 United Kingdom 961
13 Japan 710
14 Lebanon 601
15 Germany 580
16 Turkey 411
17 Colombia 395
18 Guadeloupe 371
19 Russia 340
20 Thailand 297

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach