Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 624,746
2 United States 229,135
3 Japan 110,622
4 India 103,457
5 Brazil 85,646
6 Germany 63,398
7 Thailand 62,813
8 United Kingdom 59,870
9 Spain 52,521
10 Canada 51,425
11 South Korea 51,115
12 Australia 48,058
13 France 47,318
14 Taiwan 47,031
15 Italy 39,510
16 Poland 36,851
17 Turkey 35,928
18 Mexico 35,147
19 Pakistan 31,275
20 Netherlands 25,479

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach