Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 58,362
2 United States 40,142
3 United Kingdom 30,301
4 Australia 20,652
5 Germany 20,186
6 Brazil 19,373
7 Netherlands 17,497
8 South Korea 13,789
9 India 11,268
10 Taiwan 10,294
11 Turkey 8,504
12 Switzerland 8,499
13 Italy 7,783
14 Canada 7,265
15 Russia 6,688
16 France 6,679
17 Japan 6,395
18 Spain 5,280
19 Mexico 5,166
20 Malaysia 4,969

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach