Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 156,831
2 China 127,530
3 United Kingdom 53,703
4 Germany 53,642
5 Japan 44,850
6 France 23,751
7 South Korea 21,978
8 Canada 20,459
9 Italy 16,200
10 Australia 16,131
11 India 13,965
12 Taiwan 12,801
13 Netherlands 12,369
14 Spain 10,754
15 Switzerland 10,561
16 Brazil 8,919
17 Mexico 7,175
18 Poland 6,746
19 Sweden 5,846
20 Belgium 5,834

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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