Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 141,644
2 China 131,004
3 United Kingdom 50,818
4 Germany 46,358
5 Japan 42,818
6 France 21,359
7 South Korea 21,342
8 Canada 19,224
9 Italy 15,024
10 Australia 14,953
11 India 13,121
12 Taiwan 11,830
13 Netherlands 11,409
14 Spain 10,028
15 Switzerland 9,978
16 Brazil 7,735
17 Mexico 6,183
18 Poland 5,891
19 Belgium 5,486
20 Sweden 5,451

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach