Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 249,266
2 China 212,761
3 United Kingdom 81,151
4 Japan 58,701
5 Germany 54,672
6 Brazil 43,964
7 France 37,835
8 South Korea 36,158
9 Canada 31,411
10 Australia 27,442
11 Italy 26,784
12 Netherlands 25,579
13 Taiwan 24,741
14 Switzerland 20,488
15 Mexico 17,918
16 India 17,613
17 Spain 17,547
18 Sweden 13,101
19 Thailand 12,834
20 Turkey 11,083

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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