Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 10,513,155
2 United States 1,861,875
3 South Korea 1,338,840
4 India 1,013,194
5 Japan 876,211
6 Taiwan 815,232
7 United Kingdom 543,535
8 Germany 507,431
9 Turkey 482,653
10 Brazil 368,991
11 Canada 334,083
12 France 312,457
13 Russia 305,961
14 Australia 305,847
15 Thailand 278,787
16 Malaysia 272,360
17 Iran 233,747
18 Poland 231,003
19 Italy 225,480
20 Mexico 222,530

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach