Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 12,390,031
2 United States 1,966,571
3 South Korea 1,667,514
4 India 1,038,530
5 Japan 933,704
6 Taiwan 908,632
7 United Kingdom 572,969
8 Turkey 464,558
9 Germany 453,996
10 Brazil 373,078
11 Canada 335,383
12 Australia 329,688
13 France 323,603
14 Russia 308,879
15 Malaysia 253,733
16 Italy 246,980
17 Poland 245,072
18 Thailand 239,032
19 Spain 230,890
20 Mexico 212,158

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach