Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 221,222
2 United Kingdom 220,481
3 China 206,843
4 Germany 104,780
5 Australia 64,476
6 Netherlands 61,207
7 India 39,272
8 Turkey 39,103
9 Canada 35,828
10 Brazil 34,704
11 Italy 32,546
12 Taiwan 30,376
13 South Korea 28,824
14 Spain 25,508
15 Malaysia 25,010
16 France 23,783
17 Russia 21,321
18 Switzerland 20,021
19 Denmark 20,008
20 Japan 19,907

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.