Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 240,652
2 United Kingdom 239,798
3 United States 228,247
4 Germany 102,425
5 Netherlands 73,488
6 Australia 68,523
7 Turkey 42,849
8 Canada 39,617
9 India 37,978
10 Italy 36,938
11 Brazil 36,520
12 South Korea 32,860
13 Taiwan 32,533
14 Spain 27,406
15 France 26,637
16 Denmark 24,079
17 Switzerland 23,746
18 Malaysia 23,027
19 Japan 21,495
20 Russia 20,669

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.