Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,045,582
2 United States 947,962
3 United Kingdom 542,328
4 Australia 320,183
5 Canada 190,854
6 Netherlands 153,594
7 Germany 148,004
8 Taiwan 94,279
9 Japan 92,192
10 Brazil 90,048
11 Turkey 83,848
12 India 80,414
13 Malaysia 80,113
14 Hong Kong 77,025
15 Italy 74,453
16 South Korea 73,012
17 Sweden 68,967
18 Spain 65,771
19 France 64,021
20 South Africa 60,594

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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