Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 963,489
2 United States 888,796
3 United Kingdom 508,886
4 Australia 308,000
5 Canada 179,535
6 Germany 155,532
7 Netherlands 144,582
8 Taiwan 96,576
9 Japan 88,981
10 Malaysia 88,097
11 Brazil 85,563
12 India 83,305
13 Turkey 82,696
14 Italy 73,714
15 Hong Kong 73,183
16 South Korea 71,171
17 Sweden 70,277
18 Spain 68,805
19 France 66,360
20 Indonesia 62,012

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach