Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 950,601
2 United States 397,094
3 India 179,324
4 Japan 163,597
5 Brazil 113,672
6 United Kingdom 108,024
7 Germany 90,727
8 South Korea 84,339
9 Thailand 79,105
10 Australia 75,038
11 Canada 73,721
12 France 72,016
13 Spain 68,911
14 Taiwan 67,132
15 Italy 57,977
16 Russia 55,219
17 Mexico 53,364
18 Turkey 45,814
19 Netherlands 41,451
20 Pakistan 39,381

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach