Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 1,097,546
2 United States 386,200
3 Japan 164,551
4 India 148,603
5 United Kingdom 108,438
6 Brazil 103,250
7 South Korea 87,295
8 Germany 78,677
9 Australia 75,131
10 Canada 72,382
11 Spain 72,343
12 France 71,931
13 Taiwan 66,553
14 Thailand 61,915
15 Italy 59,536
16 Turkey 47,144
17 Mexico 46,418
18 Netherlands 43,398
19 Russia 40,205
20 Pakistan 37,404

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach