Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 189,836
2 United States 85,890
3 India 31,892
4 Germany 30,992
5 United Kingdom 24,228
6 Turkey 16,136
7 France 14,660
8 Canada 12,903
9 Italy 12,361
10 Iran 11,037
11 Japan 10,450
12 Australia 9,394
13 Brazil 9,203
14 Spain 8,910
15 Thailand 8,868
16 South Korea 8,741
17 Russia 8,070
18 Taiwan 7,998
19 Malaysia 7,211
20 Netherlands 6,749

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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