Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 243,199
2 United States 98,954
3 India 68,506
4 United Kingdom 43,803
5 South Korea 30,122
6 France 27,401
7 Germany 26,324
8 Brazil 24,488
9 Australia 23,308
10 Turkey 20,296
11 Japan 17,510
12 Canada 17,040
13 Italy 15,639
14 Russia 15,023
15 Spain 12,228
16 Taiwan 11,072
17 Iran 10,844
18 Netherlands 9,979
19 Poland 7,455
20 Portugal 7,151

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach