Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 588,456
2 United Kingdom 433,555
3 Australia 237,880
4 Canada 217,526
5 China 154,973
6 Netherlands 152,428
7 Germany 92,742
8 New Zealand 54,460
9 Ireland 47,260
10 Sweden 46,174
11 Italy 45,868
12 Switzerland 44,303
13 Iran 39,342
14 South Korea 39,076
15 France 36,423
16 Turkey 36,394
17 Taiwan 36,300
18 Belgium 35,428
19 Norway 29,772
20 Japan 27,918

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach