Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 599,550
2 United States 387,626
3 Japan 213,213
4 Germany 136,246
5 India 118,714
6 United Kingdom 117,631
7 France 100,527
8 South Korea 97,680
9 Russia 82,463
10 Italy 74,219
11 Switzerland 63,423
12 Canada 54,552
13 Australia 52,442
14 Taiwan 48,367
15 Turkey 44,986
16 Brazil 41,775
17 Spain 37,346
18 Poland 33,009
19 Netherlands 29,064
20 Sweden 28,227

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach