Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 657,617
2 United States 410,780
3 Japan 221,074
4 Germany 162,502
5 India 140,363
6 United Kingdom 122,431
7 France 111,501
8 Russia 106,724
9 South Korea 104,782
10 Italy 85,522
11 Canada 67,166
12 Switzerland 65,826
13 Brazil 65,401
14 Australia 56,227
15 Taiwan 50,796
16 Turkey 46,941
17 Spain 40,201
18 Poland 34,301
19 Portugal 32,412
20 Netherlands 29,625

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach