Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 669,949
2 United States 432,493
3 Japan 225,149
4 Germany 177,807
5 India 160,024
6 France 124,187
7 United Kingdom 122,994
8 Russia 114,552
9 South Korea 105,764
10 Italy 88,358
11 Brazil 72,782
12 Canada 71,646
13 Switzerland 64,631
14 Australia 60,408
15 Taiwan 54,344
16 Turkey 50,944
17 Spain 44,013
18 Poland 36,165
19 Thailand 35,479
20 Portugal 33,480

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach