Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 689,884
2 United States 428,027
3 Japan 226,440
4 Germany 184,391
5 India 173,622
6 France 137,404
7 United Kingdom 120,783
8 Russia 118,943
9 South Korea 106,890
10 Italy 89,030
11 Brazil 79,171
12 Canada 75,484
13 Switzerland 61,212
14 Australia 61,171
15 Taiwan 58,501
16 Turkey 51,653
17 Spain 45,623
18 Thailand 39,342
19 Portugal 35,426
20 Poland 35,365

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach